Lipari, Stromboli, Vulcano, Salina, Panarea, Alicudi, Filicudi form the Archipelago of Aeolian Islands, also known as Lipari. They are located near to the northern coasts of Sicily.
The legend says that the Aeolians, and Vulcano in particular, were the forge of Hephaestus, the Greek god of fire.
The islands are of volcanic origin and the volcanoes have helped to create the variety of landscapes that constitutes one of the main beauties of the archipelago, together with its clean sea and the traces of all the peoples who have inhabited it.
Island of Lipari
Its ancient name is Meligunis. The island has twelve extinct volcanoes. White pumice stone and obsidian are the two materials obtained from these volcanoes and have always constituted the wealth of the island.
The pumice stone quarries are still visible in Porticello. You can’t miss to visit the white beaches characterized by the contrast between the white of the pumice stone and the black of the volcanic lava.
Another example of the volcanic activity is the San Calogero thermal baths, near the town of Pianoconte.
The landscape of Lipari is characterized by the Mediterranean vegetation, therefore low vegetation in which the prickly pear cactus, heather, bougainvillea and rosemary stand out. Its coasts are jagged and full of inlets, caves and stacks. The most famous are called le Formiche (the Ants) and are located south west of the island.The west coast is considered to be the most breathtaking. Among the most beautiful beaches is Valle Muria, which is located beneath Monte Guardia.
The city of Lipari, the main inhabited center of the archipelago, rises on the east coast.
The city has an ancient history. Here lived the Phoenicians, the Greeks, the Romans, the Goths, the Normans and the Spanish.
You must visit the cathedral, of Norman origin, but rebuilt in Baroque style after its destruction ordered by the pirate Ariadeno Barbarossa, and the archaeological museum, which is located in the castle. The castle stands where once stood the acropolis of the Greek city. Its current form dates back to the sixteenth century Spanish domination. The museum collects very important residues of various Italic populations of different eras.